CELALETTIN CEVIK, OZLEM TEKIR, AYSENUR KAYA
Assistant Prof, Ph.D in Public Health, Balikesir University, School of Health, Department of Nursing, Balikesir, Turkey
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine adherence with treatment, quality of life and related factors in patients who were hospitalized and diagnosed with stroke at least six months before their hospitalization?
Material and methods: The data of this cross-sectional study were collected through face-to-face interviews held with 140 patients who were diagnosed with stroke at least six months ago, hospitalized in Balikesir Atatürk State Hospital Neurology Department between October 2015 and October 2016 and then discharged from the hospital.
Results. In the study, the Stroke-Specific Quality of Life Scale (SSQOL) was used, and the participants were asked whether they complied with the treatment regularly. The participants’ mean scores were 2.29 ± 0.83 for the SSQOL scale. The mean scores for the SSQOL scale were higher in the married participants in those knowledgeable of stroke, in those who received rehabilitation, in non-smokers, in those who had hemiplegia and in those who were able to carry out physical activities independently(p<0.05). Of the participants, 67.1% stated that they complied with their treatment. According to the logistic regression model, compliance with the treatment was 2.03 times higher in the participants with secondary and higher education (95.0% CI: 1.10-5.34), 5.27 times higher in the participants residing in a city (95.0% CI: 1.25-12.22), 7.30 times higher in the participants having stroke diagnosis for 6-11 months (95.0% CI: 5.38-10.43).
Conclusion: It was concluded that two-thirds of the participants complied with their daily treatments regularly and the mean scores they obtained from the SSQOL were lower than the average score to be obtained from the scale.
Stroke, quality of life, adherence, rehabilitation