School of Sports Science, Harbin Normal University, Harbin, 150080, China
Purpose: To analyze the characteristics of acute and chronic injuries of martial arts free combat athletes and to identify an effective curative method.
Method: This paper analyzed free combat athletes and coaches in different sports institutes and sports teams based on que- stionnaires, documentary analysis, experts interview, and effectively categorized the types and causes of injuries of free combat athle- tes, in order to identify an effective curative method for such injuries. 3200 free combat athletes with injuries were selected from hospital data files from June 2011 to June 2015 for this study. The types of injuries were observed and the causes of injuries and curative methods employed were analyzed.
Results: The injuries of free combat athletes can be categorized into acute injury and chronic injury, and the major cause for such injuries was related to the individuality of each sport and changes in free combat competition rule.
Conclusion: Free combat athlete injuries can be classified as either acute injury or chronic injury. During clinical treatment, one should first analyze the type of injury and select a corresponding curative method, so that the clinical treatment can be more effective.
Free Combat Athletes, Combat, Acute Injury, Chronic Injury, Characteristics of Injury, Curative Method