NASER KALANTARI1, MARYAM TAGHYNEJAD2, MARYAM GHOLAMALIZADEH3, MAHDIE TORKAMAN4, SAEID DOAEI2, NADIA ORAZ5,
1Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran- 2Student’s Research Committee, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran - 3Students`Research Committee, Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran - 4Department of chemical Engineering, Science and research branch, Islamic Azaz univer- sity, Tehran, Iran - 5M.Sc student of Food Science and Tecnology Department, Tarbit Modares University Tehran, Iran
Introduction: AIDS or acquired immune deficiency syndrome is a type of disease in the immune system due to infection by immune deficiency virus (HIV). This disease is classified based on the number of CD4 (cluster of differentiation 4) cells in blood.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate relationship between food group intake and improvement in health status of AIDS patients in Tehran, Iran.
Methods: 123 persons with AIDS were selected randomly at four behavioral health specialist centers in Tehran. The personal information was collected by general information questionnaires, and information about food group intake for each person and his family was collected by household food group intake security valid questionnaire; also CD4 cell counts was obtained from medical records of each patient. The relationship between food insecurity and CD4 cells count in patients with HIV infection was evaluated by linear regression method.
Results: 83 percent of the participants in this study had inadequate intake of meat group and 67.5 percent of them had inade- quate intake of fruits and vegetables group . Inadequate intake of food group was significantly related to CD4 cell counts (P=0.001).
Conclusion: The results suggest that food group intake of AIDS patients is related to CD4 cell counts; and improvement in the nutritional state of AIDS patients may help to prevent deterioration of their condition.
AIDS; food group intake; CD4 cell counts; Nutritional status.