MELANIA BORGO*, MARIANO MARTINI**, NICOLA LUIGI BRAGAZZI***, FILIPPO PALUAN****, ILARIA GORINI*, IGNAZIO
VECCHIO*****, MARTA LICATA*
*Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, University of Insubria (Varese), O. Rossi, 9, 21100, Varese, Italy-**Section of History of Medicine and Ethics, Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL), University of Genoa, Largo R. Benzi, 10 - Pad . 3, Genoa 16132, Italy -***Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL), University of Genoa, Via Antonio Pastore 1, Genoa 16132, Italy - ****Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua, Via Giustiniani, n. 2 - 35128 Padova, Italy - *****Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Italy
This article provides a comprehensive overview of the work of Abele De Blasio (1858-1945), a pol-yhedral and eclectic figure of physician who cultivated a wide range of interests, from cultural an-thropology and ethnology to botanics, chemistry and dentistry. In particular, De Blasio is recog-nized as one of the founders and one of the most important representatives of Italian criminal an-thropo- logy, thanks to his thorough knowledge and historical culture. He challenged the strict bio-medical paradigm of the period and combi- ned a scientific and rigorous approach with a humanistic Weltanschauung, conjugating disciplines, such as archeology and psycho- pathology with biology, in such a way to give birth to a unique, innovative interdisciplinary approach. He applied this method, for example, when investigating deviant behaviors or when analyzing populations’ customs and hab-its. He also studied trepanation and he considered analyzing the skull as the best way to investigate the different aspects of human life.
Abele De Blasio, criminal anthropology, cultural anthropology, social pathology