VÍCTOR PATRICIO DÍAZ-NARVÁEZ1,2, LUZ MARINA ALONSO-PALACIO3, SARA ELVIRA CARO4, MARÍA SILVA5, JOEL ARBOLEDA-
CASTILLO6, JORGE BILBAO7, JESÚS IGLESIAS-ACOSTA8, ARACELIS CALZADILLA-NÚÑEZ9, ROBERT UTSMAN10, MARCOS
CERVANTES11, ELIZABETH FAJARDO12
1Dental Faculty, Universidad San Sebastián, Santiago, Chile - 2Health Faculty, Universidad Bernardo OHiggins, Chile - 3Division of Health Sciences, Universidad del Norte, Barranquilla, Colombia - 4Division of Health Sciences, Universidad del Norte, Barranquilla, Colombia - 5Universidad Central del Este, San Pedro de Macoris, Dominican Republic - 6Universidad Central del Este, San Pedro de Macoris, Dominican Republic - 7Fundación Universitaria San Martín, Sede Puerto Colombia, Barranquilla, Colombia - 8Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Libre Seccional Barranquilla, Barranquilla, Colombia - 9Unit of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Hospital Félix Bulnes Cerda, Santiago, Chile - 10Director of Research. School of Health Sciences, Universidad Latinoamericana de Ciencia y Tecnología (ULACIT), San José, Costa Rica - 11Professor of Psychology (Ph.D), Faculty of Social Sciences, Universidad del Norte, Barranquilla, Colombia - 12Proffesor of Faculty of Health Sciences,Universidad del Tolima, Colombia
Introduction: The development of empathy in medical students, which is essential for therapeutic effectiveness and improved patient outcomes, is not well understood. The objective of this study is to determine whether there are differences between levels of the “compassionate care” component of empathy among four medical schools in Colombia and the Dominican Republic.
Subjets and methods: The sample consisted of medical students. This exploratory and cross-section study measured empathy levels by using the Spanish version of the Jefferson Scale of Physicians. Levels of empathy were studied and compared by a three-fac- tor analysis of variance, Tukey multiple comparison test and discriminant analysis of the matrix components.
Results: Differences in levels of empathy of the “compassionate care” component between universities, courses and gender were found.
Conclusions: Variability in the values of the levels of the “compassionate care” component of empathy were observed among the factors: university, course and gender. The observed variability between and within the university populations studied cannot be explained, which can be attributed to other unknown factors that influence empathy levels.
Empathy, Compassion, Medical Schools, Colombia, Dominican Republic.